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Pelland - Notre Histoire

De la Bretagne aux Amériques.

markgraf von der Ostmark Leopold III VON ÖSTERREICH

M 1073 - 1136  (63 ans)


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  • Nom Leopold III VON ÖSTERREICH 
    Titre markgraf von der Ostmark 
    Naissance 1073  Melk, Autriche Trouver tous les individus avec un évènement dans ce lieu 
    Sexe
    Décès 15 nov 1136  Vienne, Autriche Trouver tous les individus avec un évènement dans ce lieu 
    ID personne I208850  Notre Grande Famille
    Dernière modif. 27 sept 2018 

    Père Leopold II VON ÖSTERREICH 
    Mère Ida VON RATELBERG 
    ID Famille F85593  Feuille familiale  |  Tableau familial

    Famille 1 Adelheid VON PERG 
    Dernière modif. 27 sept 2018 
    ID Famille F85592  Feuille familiale  |  Tableau familial

    Famille 2 Agnes VON FRANKEN,   n. 1072,   d. 24 sept 1143, Klosterneuberg Trouver tous les individus avec un évènement dans ce lieu  (âge 71 ans) 
    Enfants 
    +1. Judith VON ÖSTERREICH
    +2. Agnès DE BABENBERG
    Dernière modif. 27 sept 2018 
    ID Famille F66588  Feuille familiale  |  Tableau familial

  • Notes 
    • www.genealogics,org

      BIOGRAPHY
      Leopold was born at Melk in 1073, the son of Leopold II, Markgraf von der Ostmark, and Ida von Ratelberg. With his unnamed first wife from the von Perg family he had a son Adalbert who did not have progeny. She died before 1105 and in 1106 Leopold married Agnes von Franken, daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Heinrich IV and Berta de Savoie, and widow of Friedrich I, Herzog von Schwaben. She was the widowed sister of Emperor Heinrich V whom he had supported against her father Heinrich IV. This connection to the Salians raised the importance of the House of Babenberg, to which important royal rights over the margraviate of Austria were granted. Leopold and Agnes had seven children of whom four would have progeny. By his marriage, Leopold also became stepfather of German King Konrad III.

      A capable and loved ruler, Leopold helped arrange the Concordat of Worms (1122), which ended the Investiture Contest between Heinrich IV and Pope Gregory VII. He had no political ambitions and in 1125 refused to be nominated as candidate for the imperial crown.

      He is mainly remembered for the development of the country and, in particular, the founding of several monasteries. His most important foundation is Klosterneuburg (1109). According to legend, the Virgin Mary appeared to him and led him to a place where he found the veil of his wife Agnes, who had lost it years earlier. He established the monastery of Klosterneuburg there. He subsequently expanded the settlement to become his residence. Leopold also founded the monasteries of Heiligenkreuz, Kleinmariazell and Seitenstetten which developed a territory still largely covered by forest. All of these induced the Church to canonise him in 1485.

      Leopold also fostered the development of cities, such as Klosterneuburg, Vienna and Krems. The last one was granted the right to mint but never attained great importance. The writings of Heinrich of Melk and Ava of Göttweig, which are the first literary texts from Austria, date back to Leopold's time.

      Leopold died in Vienna on 15 November 1136. He is buried in the Klosterneuburg Monastery, which he founded. His skull is kept in an embroidered reliquary, which leaves the forehead exposed; it also wears an archducal crown.

      The brothers Joseph and Michael Haydn, each of whom sang in the choir of St. Stephen's Cathedral, both sang in that capacity at Klosterneuburg on 15 November, Leopoldstag. Michael Haydn later (1805) wrote a Mass in honour of Leopold, the _Missa sub titulo Sancti Leopoldi._